April Birthstone Diamond
Astrological Stone for Aries (March 21 to April 19)
Traditional stone for 10th and 60th Anniversaries
The word diamond is derived from the Greek word “adamas” meaning invincible. The earliest written accounts of diamonds go back to 500 B.C.
Kings and queens, the rich and the powerful throughout history have sought after diamonds, after the first source was discovered in ancient India.
Diamonds are 99.9% carbon. Because of the different crystal structure, graphite and diamond are both carbon but completely different.
Diamonds are formed over billions of years with consistent pressure and temperature 75 to 100 miles under the earth’s surface, and then brought to the surface through volcanic activity. Alluvial deposits are also found where diamonds have been transported from one location to another from a water source.
Large diamond deposits discovered in South Africa in the late 1800s hugely increased the gemstone’s availability.
Today, diamond production in Botswana, Zaire, South Africa, Namibia, Russia, Australia, and Canada provides diamond jewelry to consumers around the globe.
Diamond is the hardest material on earth. It is a 10 on the Mohe’s hardness scale, meaning that it is resistant to scratching; however, it is possible for diamonds to chip (unbeknownst to many people).
A diamond’s value is based off the “4 Cs” — Cut, Color, Clarity and Carat Weight. Depending on whom you ask, all Cs work together; one is not more important than the others.
The diamond engagement ring tradition started in 1477, when Archduke Maximilian of Austria presented a gold ring set with a diamonds forming an M to his future wife Mary of Burgundy.
The diamond engagement ring has become a standard throughout much of the world, due to its link to love and eternal endurance. In 1947, DeBeers coined the famous phrase “A Diamond is Forever.”
While the popularity of specific shapes of cut diamonds have varied through the years, round continues to be the most desired.
Diamonds in the Stars
Lucy, a huge cosmic diamond (technically known as BPM 37093) is actually a crystallized white dwarf. A white dwarf is the hot core of a star, left over after the star uses up its nuclear fuel and dies. It is made mostly of carbon.
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